- The Lesser Antillean Iguana is a large arboreal iguana that once occupied most islands from Anguilla to Martinique in the eastern West Indies.
- The total population has declined ~75%, due to habitat destruction, hunting, introduction of exotic predators and competitors, and hybridization with Green Iguanas.
- Only two populations are considered stable while others have been extirpated in the last decade.
- With an estimated population of 13-20,000 individuals, Dominica supported, until recently, the largest single population of these iguanas. However, this population was compromised in 2017 when Green Iguanas were found after Hurricane Maria hit.
- On St. Eustatius invasive Green Iguanas and hybrids also can be found, but it is believed that this island can still remain a stronghold for the species with proper biosecurity.
IIF Grants Received
Natural history data of hatchling Iguana delicatissima to guide local and regional recruitment and conservation management
Matthijs P. Van den Burg
Assessing and mitigating threats to Iguana delicatissima on Dominica post-hurricane Maria
Preventing the Loss of One of the Last Populations of Iguana delicatissima, the St. Eustatius Population
Matthijs P. van den Burg and Adam Mitchell
Establishing Baseline Population and Distribution Data to Inform Population Recovery of Iguana delicatissima on Anguilla, British West Indies
Action plan publication and implementation review, Cyclura spp. and I. delicatissima)
The goal of this multi-species IIF grant is to enhance iguana conservation at the international, national, and local levels by publishing action plans as well as reporting on the accomplishment of these plans. Publication of the plans on the IUCN’s website will improve the ability of both international and local conservation organizations to obtain funding to carry out iguana conservation priorities.