Ctenosaura bakeri

Útila Spiny-tailed Iguana

Stats

Range: Útila Island, Honduras
Population: Unknown, estimated less than 7,500
Size: Up to 15.75 inches in length from snout to vent, 33.5 inches total
Threats: Habitat destruction for private and commercial development; hunting for food (particularly gravid females); predation by dogs, cats, raccoons, and rats.

Species Information

  • Ctenosaura bakeri (Útila Spiny-tailed Iguana), or “Swamper” as it is known locally, is endemic to the island of Útila, which is located in the Bay Island archipelago off the Caribbean coast of Honduras.
  • These iguanas are primarily a mangrove dwelling species, however they are also found in coastal vegetated areas and use beaches for nesting.
  • The population under threat due to habitat loss and fragmentation, illegal hunting of adults and eggs, and predation by invasive species such as raccoons. Habitat destruction has also been shown to contribute to declining body condition of iguanas in the population.
  • The species is protected under Honduran national law; however, enforcement is rare and poaching is a regular occurrence even within the national park area (Turtle Harbour Wildlife refuge).
  • Conservation measures include environmental education, community outreach, and creation of alternative livelihoods to poaching, future goals include purchasing an area of mangrove forest to create a private nature reserve to protect the species and it’s habitat.

IIF Grants Received

"Save the Swamper" Conservation outreach and population monitoring of Útila Spiny-tailed iguanas

Daisy Maryon

$4080

“Save the Swamper”, Conservation Outreach and Population Monitoring of Útila Spiny-tailed Iguanas (Ctenosaura bakeri), Honduras

Daisy Maryon

$11,495

Conservation Approaches, Population Monitoring and Nesting Ecology of the Critically Endangered Útila Spiny-tailed Iguana Ctenosaura bakeri on the Island of Útila, Honduras

Daisy Maryon

$11,000

Population, Hybridization, and Nesting Ecology of the Critically Endangered Útila Spiny-tailed Iguana, Ctenosaura bakeri, on the Island of Útila, Honduras

Daisy Maryon

$9,970

A Study of the Reproductive and Dispersal Behavior of the Critically Endangered Útila Spiny-tailed Iguana, Ctenosaura bakeri, on the Island of Útila, Honduras

Daisy Maryon and David Lee

$11,555